Bhakti Movements of India

sukkranStarred Page By sukkran, 2nd Sep 2013 | Follow this author | RSS Feed
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The Bhakti movement is originated in Tamil Nadu, in India, and yet there is the religion of the masses.

The Bhakti Movement

The Bhakti movement is based upon the belief that pure human love is the most powerful possessions available to a human being; directed toward a divine being, this love can effortlessly relieve the human spirit. So one's chosen divinity is idolized as a mother, or as an infant, or as a lover, or as a companion.

A Tamil person's relationship to a god, if the person has a theology, is always a bond of love. The strong relationship with a divinity, the intense the feeling, although the devoutness may be founded upon strong trouble just as one's love for one's parents may be.

Very frequently, Tamil people will say that, in adoring a god, the specific materials offered or ceremonials performed are not required but the feeling one has for god is necessary. So Saiva religion is known as the religion filled with full of love.

In the same way, in their bonds with each other, human beings in Tamil Nadu will usually state out loud that love (Anbu) is all that matters.

Photo Credit: Wikimedia Commons

The Teachings of Vedas.

The Bhakti movement, which started in the opening of the eighth century AD, lead in the third resurgence. Buddhism was on the decrease from the mid of the seventh century AD. The anti-Vedic approach was still dominant in some regions of India.

Kumarilabhatta and Shankara who were critical of Buddhism tried to combine the institution from different directions. The former was from the karma side and the latter from the Gnana side. There was also a need to spread the wisdom of the Vedas among the people.

The teachings of the Saiva and Vaisnava mystics played a pivotal role in this regard because they were able to build empathy with natives through their hymns, which were in the vernacular. The Bhakti movement which started in the South spread to the North India stage by stage, and ultimately became a Pan-Indian occurrence, a common and deep rooted means to be reckoned with.

Saivism.

Photo Credit: Wikimedia Commons

The Saivism religion followed by those who worship Lord Shiva as the supreme God. In Hinduism, it is the eldest of the other sectors. It is the formalized theology of the divine revelations contained in the twenty eight Saiva Agamas. For the people who follow Saiva Sithantha, Lord Siva created or manifested this universe out of His free will and on his own accord.

He is the ultimate reality both in his transcendental and immanent aspects. The universe is not separate from him. The individual self is no other than Lord himself with powers limited.

Lord Shiva is the totality of all, understood in three perfections: Parameswara (the actual Creator Lord), Parashakthi (the substratum of form) and Parasiva (Absolute Reality which transcends all). The earliest documented evidence of saivism is from 8000 years old Indus valley civilization in the form of the famous symbol of Shiva as Lord Pasupathi. Through history, Saivism has developed a vast array of lineages. There are six schools of Saivism: Saiva Sithantha, Pasupatha Saivism, and Kashmir saivism, Vira Saivism, Siddha Sithantha and Siva Advaitha.

Vaishnavism

Photo Credit: Wikimedia Commons

Vaishnavism is one of the ancient beliefs of India. It is a monotheistic tradition that defends Lord Vishnu as the supreme existence. It demonstrates that commitment to the Lord Vishnu heads one to the realization of one's final goal. Vaishnavism believes in the incarnation of the Lord Vishnu.

Therefore, it believes that Lord Vishnu is not a mere onlooker of the world progression, but maintains the acceptable in the humane society and removes all that is wrong he descends among men. Vaishnavism is proposes Bhakti as the way to attain salvation.

The Bhakti approach envisages the creation of a strong relationship of unity between the disciple and God. The devotee is entirely devoted to the Lord while the lord is deeply concerned about the devotee and showers on him his graces. It makes a clear distinction between God, man and the planet.

God is the creator of the latter two, and they depend on him. The delight of the presence of God is the prime target of Vaisnavism.

The Saints of Bhakti Movement.

The Bhakti movement with its long history contained elements which ran counter to caste ideology of Hinduism. The Nayanmar (Saiva) and Alvar (Vaisnava) saints of Tamil Nadu, the Haridoss and Lingayat saints of Karnataka, Vallabhacharya and his followers in Gujarat, Chaitanya in Bengal, and Tulsidoss, Surdoss, Kabir and Ramanand in the North were all representatives of the Bhakti movement.

These Bhakti saints came from all castes, including the lower caste. It appears as though the path of Bhakthi offered a way out of the tyrannies of the caste system, and as the saints commanded respect from everyone the movement itself served to highlight the importance of an individual irrespective of these caste affiliations.

The movement was more or less constant in Indian history and its reach right across the subcontinent. It may not be too fanciful to consider it as a protest, in the realm of religion, against the division of human beings into high and low castes.

Picture Courtesy: Wikimedia Commons

Bhakti Movement - Vid

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Bhakti, India, Lord Shiva, Lord Vishnu, Religion, Saivism, Sukkran, Tamil, Tamil Nadu, Vaishnavism

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author avatar sukkran
I am sukkran aka sukkran trichy, from Trichy, India. I am an online writer, blogger, writing for many publishing platforms.

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Comments

author avatar Fern Mc Costigan
2nd Sep 2013 (#)

Interesting and very informative, indeed!

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author avatar sukkran
2nd Sep 2013 (#)

thanks fern.

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author avatar Trillionaire
5th Sep 2013 (#)

Thanks.

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author avatar Ian R Thorpe
5th Sep 2013 (#)

Gave me new insights into some aspects of Hindu spirituality

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author avatar sukkran
7th Sep 2013 (#)

glad you know some thing new about hinduism from my page. thanks lan.

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author avatar M G Singh
6th Sep 2013 (#)

Nice post. The Bhakti movement gathered steam after the defeat of the Hindus by the Muslims.

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author avatar Souvik
6th Sep 2013 (#)

Dear Sukkran,
Good post. A lot had been said about the bhakti movement.

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author avatar sukkran
7th Sep 2013 (#)

thanks souvik

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author avatar Delicia Powers
6th Sep 2013 (#)

very informative, thank you sukkran..

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author avatar sukkran
7th Sep 2013 (#)

thanks delicia

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author avatar deepa venkitesh
7th Sep 2013 (#)

great post sir, sorry for late, glad to see you on wikinut

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author avatar madugundurukmini
7th Sep 2013 (#)

Indian Gods

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author avatar vpaulose
7th Sep 2013 (#)

Very informative. Thank you dear Sukkran for the info.

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author avatar Retired
29th Dec 2013 (#)

Very nice and interesting post. Very nice pics, thanks for sharing. Keep on sharing.

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