Comparison of home reading habits of the students of arts and science stream at higher secondary level

Mrs Rakhi Sharma By Mrs Rakhi Sharma, 21st Feb 2013 | Follow this author | RSS Feed | Short URL http://nut.bz/6r1wltzn/
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It was aimed to expose reading habit of students at higher secondary level in Mathura (India). 300 students of this level from ten schools selected were directed questionnaire to get their responses on various items to diagnose their home reading habits. Textbooks and magazines reading habit at home was similar in students of two streams whereas, students of science stream had better fiction and nonfiction materials, newspapers and on Internet reading habits at home at this level.

Comparison of home reading habits of the students of arts and science stream at higher secondary level

Abstract:
Present research was aimed to find out reading habit of students at higher secondary level in Mathura (India). Three hundred students of higher secondary level from ten schools were selected for study and administered questionnaire to find out their responses on various items related to diagnosis of their home reading habits. It can be conclude on the basis of comparison of two observations that textbooks and magazines reading habit at home was similar in students of two streams at higher secondary level whereas, students of science stream had better fiction and nonfiction materials, newspapers and on Internet reading habit at home at this level.

Keywords:

Arts, Fiction, Higher secondary, Home reading habits, India, Internet, Magazines, Mathura, Newspapers, Nonfiction, Present research, Science stream, Students, Study habit, Textbooks.

Introduction:

Abeyrathna and Zainab, (2004) reported that the students study regularly outside school hours. This is mainly confined to textbooks and mainly carried out for the purpose of acquiring knowledge. The library is used mainly to study or do homework rather than to borrow items to read at leisure. Most students indicated positive attitude towards the library for providing them with the facility to carry out their study or meet friends, but hardly use the services the library provides. Agnihotri, (2012) advocated that the students should be helped to be acquainted with the vocational implications of various school subjects. Carol, (1977) suggested a procedure for using the think-aloud technique in the classroom. Reading habit, skill, and attitude were found to result substantial incremental validity in predicting academic performance (Crede and Kuncel, 2008). Reading habit and skill measures improve prediction of academic performance more than any other non-cognitive individual difference variable examined to date and should be regarded as the third pillar of academic success. Need for achievement and reading habits have been found to be the significant variables, which contributes to better performances in the pupils (Parveen, 2011). Dixit, (2011) found a positive correlation between the readiness towards the use of meta-cognition and academic achievement.

Objectives:

The objectives of present investigation were to find out the reading habit of the students at higher secondary level in Mathura District (India).

Materials and Methods:

Three hundred students of higher secondary level from ten schools were selected for the study and administered questionnaire to find out their responses on various items related to diagnosis of their home reading habits. The results were statistically analysed using suitable model (Snedecor and Cochran, 1994).

Results and Discussion: Arts stream:

The observations with regard to the home reading habit of the students of arts stream are presented in the table 1. It can be revealed on the basis of these observations that Mostly students of arts stream at higher secondary level had a good home reading habit. About 21 per cent students were reading textbooks for 4 days per week, 20, 25 and 21 per cent students were reading fiction, nonfiction materials and magazines two days per week and 19 and 21 per cent students were reading at least one day per week, respectively. Only 7, 14, 14, 6, 13 and 15 per cent students were not reading textbooks, fiction, non-fiction materials, magazines newspapers and Internet at home. The major reason for this type of habit was the fact that a huge number of students under study were from rural and remote area where fiction and nonfiction materials magazines, newspapers and Internet facilities were not available. About 9, 4, 4, 7, 6 and 5 per cent students were reading textbooks, fiction and nonfiction materials, magazines, newspapers and Internet daily. Most of them were coming from the urban area where those facilities were available.

Science stream:

The observations with regard to the home reading habit of the students of science stream are presented in the table 2. It can be revealed on the basis of these observations that Mostly students of science stream at higher secondary level had a good home reading habit. About 21 per cent students were reading textbooks for 4 days per week, 20, 25, 17 and 22 per cent students were reading fiction and nonfiction materials, news papers and on Internet for 3 days per week and 20 per cent students were reading magazines 2 days per week, respectively. Only 8, 12, 9, 7, 13 and 10 per cent students were not reading textbooks, fiction, non-fiction materials, magazines newspapers and Internet at home. The major reason for this type of habit was the fact that a huge number of students under study were from rural and remote area where fiction, nonfiction material magazines, newspapers and Internet facilities were not available. About 8, 5, 4, 7, 7 and 6 per cent students were reading textbooks, fiction and nonfiction materials, magazines, newspapers and Internet daily. Most of them were coming from the urban area where those facilities were available.

Conclusion:

It can be conclude on the basis of comparison of two observations that textbooks and magazines reading habit at home was similar in the students of two streams at higher secondary level whereas, the students of science stream had better fiction and nonfiction materials, newspapers and on Internet reading habit at home at this level.

References:

Abeyrathna, P.H.A.S, and Zainab A.N. 2004. The status of reading habit and interests among secondary school children in sri lanka. Malaysian Journal of Library & Information Science, 9, 2, 109-123. Available at http://ejum.fsktm.um.edu.my/article/299.pdf
Agnihotri, A.K. 2012 Guidance needs among senior secondary school Students in relation to sex and stream. Indian Streams Research Journal, 2, 10. Available at http://www.isrj.net/UploadedData/1665.pdf.
Carol, H. 1977. A Preliminary Investigation of the Reading Strategies of Successful and Nonsuccessful Second Language Learners. System, 5, 2, 110-123.
Credé, M. and Kuncel, N.R. 2008. Study Habits, Skills, and Attitudes: The Third Pillar Supporting Collegiate Academic Performance. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 3, 6, 425-453.
Dixit, M.N. 2011. Readiness towards the use of meta-cognition and its relationship with academic achievement of higher secondary students. SPIJE, 1, 1, 12-16.
Parveen, A. 2011. Effect of Counselling on the Need-Achievement, Study Habits and Academic Achievement of Underachievers. Ph.D Thesis, University of Kashmir.

Tags

Arts, Fiction, Higher Secondary, Home Reading Habits, India, Internet, Magazines, Mathura, Newspapers, Nonfiction, Present Research, Science Stream, Students, Study Habit, Textbooks

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