Industrial dispute and defining the relations

Md Rezaul Karim By Md Rezaul Karim, 21st Apr 2013 | Follow this author | RSS Feed
Posted in Wikinut>Writing>Essays

This is a conceptual writing about industrial relations and industrial disputes that managers usually face in their mundane...

Industrial Relations


Industrial relations constitute one of the most delicate and complex problems of the modern industrial society. This phenomenon of a new complex industrial set-up is directly attributable to the emergence of ‘Industrial Revolution”. The pre - industrial revolution period was characterized by a simple process of manufacture, small scale investment, local markets and small number of persons employed. All this led to close proximity between the manager and the managed. Due to personal and direct relationship between the employer and the employee it was easier to secure cooperation of the latter. Any grievance or misunderstanding on the part of either party could be promptly removed. Also, there was no interference by the State in the economic activities of the people. Under such a set-up industrial relations were simple, direct and personal. This situation underwent a marked change with the advent of industrial revolution – size of the business increased needing investment of enormous financial and human resources, there emerged a new class of professional managers causing divorce between ownership and management, and relations between the employer and the employer became entranced and gradually antagonistic. This new set-up rendered the old philosophy of industrial relation irrelevant and gave rise to complex, indirect, and impersonal industrial relations.

Industry today is neither viewed as a venture of employers alone nor profit if considered as its sole objective. It is considered to be a venture based on purposeful cooperation between management and labour in the process of production and maximum social good is regarded as its ultimate end and both management and employees contribute in their own way towards its success. Similarly, labour today is no more an unorganized mass of ignorant works ready to obey without resentment or protest the arbitrary and discretionary dictates of management. The management has to deal with employees today nto as individuals but also as members of organized social groups who are very much conscious about their rights and have substantial bargaining strength. Hence, the objective of evolving and maintaining sound industrial relations is not only to find our ways and means to solve conflicts to resolve differences but also to secure the cooperation among the employees in the conduct of industry.
But maintaining smooth industrial relation is not an easy task. Almost all the industrialized countries of he world fact the problem of establishing and maintaining good management worker relationships in their industries. Each country has sought to find our solution, depending upon its economic, social and political environment. However, industrial conflict still arises and therefore establishment and maintenance of satisfactory industrial relations forms an important plank in the personnel policies of modern organization.
Meaning
In the broad sense, industrial relations cover all such relationships that a business enterprise maintains with various sections of the society such as workers, state, customers and public who come into its contact.
In the narrow sense, it refers to all types of relationships between employer and employees, trade union and management, works and union and between workers and workers. It also includes all sorts of relationships at both formal and informal levels in the organization.
The term ‘industrial relations’ has been variously defined. J.T. Dunlop defines industrial relations as “the complex interrelations among managers, workers and agencies of the governments”. According to Dale Yoder “industrial relations is the process of management dealing with one or more unions with a view to negotiate and subsequently administer collective bargaining agreement or labour contract”.
In indusial relations, therefore, one seeks to study how people get on together at their work, what difficulties arise between them, how their relations including wages and working conditions etc., are regulated. Industrial relations, thus, include both ‘industrial relations’ and ‘collective relations’ as well as the role of the state in regulating these relations. Such a relationship is therefore complex and multidimensional resting on economic, social, psychological, ethical, occupational, political and legal levels. There are mainly two set of factors that determine the state of industrial relations – whether good or poor in any country. The first set of factors, described as ‘institutional factors’ include type of labour legislation, policy of state relating to labour and industry, extent and stage of development of trade unions and employers’ organizations and the type of social institutions. The other set of factors, described as ‘economic factors’ include the nature of economic organization capitalist, socialist technology, the sources of demand and supply in the labour market, the nature and composition of labor force etc.

Tags

Conflicts Of Interests, Industry, Mangement, Organizational Disputes, Relations

Meet the author

author avatar Md Rezaul Karim
I am a teacher engaged with the Southern University Bangladesh. I Like to use my spare time by writing and reading. I take it as a fun and source of inspiration in pursuing knowledge.

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Comments

author avatar Sivaramakrishnan A
21st Apr 2013 (#)

You have covered all facets well, Karim. China made the leap as the global manufacturing base with their ability to ride rough shod over labor rights. That was ironic in a communist country where the proletariat was the king in the earlier era. Other countries had to pay a price by this turn. Without sacrifices one cannot survive but that should be fair. There should be limits and rights go with responsibilities - siva

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author avatar Md Rezaul Karim
22nd Apr 2013 (#)

Thank you for your brilliant comments. I always learn something from your comments, after all there is a human touch in it...
Long live Siva ji..

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author avatar madugundurukmini
22nd Apr 2013 (#)

right said Industrial dispute

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author avatar Md Rezaul Karim
24th Apr 2013 (#)

Thank you madug ji.

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author avatar Songbird B
22nd Apr 2013 (#)

Oh how I could tell you were a teacher Md, and how well you explained this complicated economic state since the Industrial Revolution took over. This was an educational, informative, and enjoyable read.

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author avatar Md Rezaul Karim
24th Apr 2013 (#)

Indeed dealing with human is complicated, particularly the staff and employees... Thanks Songbird..

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author avatar C.D. Moore
22nd Apr 2013 (#)

Very informative. Thankyou Md.

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author avatar Md Rezaul Karim
24th Apr 2013 (#)

Thank you CD Moore for reading this..

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author avatar Delicia Powers
23rd Apr 2013 (#)

Md thank you for this profound insights....

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author avatar Md Rezaul Karim
24th Apr 2013 (#)

Thank you Delicia for your time..

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author avatar Carol
23rd Apr 2013 (#)

Very good information, many thanks

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author avatar Md Rezaul Karim
24th Apr 2013 (#)

I am happy that you liked it Carol. Thank you.

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author avatar Kingwell
23rd Apr 2013 (#)

Interesting facts.

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author avatar Md Rezaul Karim
24th Apr 2013 (#)

Thanks Kingwell for your comments.

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author avatar cnwriter..carolina
24th Apr 2013 (#)

you are quite amazing Md with the information you place before us...many thanks and blessings

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author avatar Md Rezaul Karim
26th Apr 2013 (#)

Thank you for the nice blessings..

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author avatar LOVERME
26th Apr 2013 (#)

you are more theoretical than poetical
hence no comments
beyond my intelligence

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author avatar Md Rezaul Karim
14th May 2013 (#)

You made me laugh my friend! Thank you anyway...

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author avatar madugundurukmini
9th May 2013 (#)

nice article

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author avatar Md Rezaul Karim
14th May 2013 (#)

Thanks Maduji.

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author avatar vpaulose
9th May 2013 (#)

Interesting. Thank you dear Karim.

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author avatar Md Rezaul Karim
14th May 2013 (#)

Any time Dear Vpaulose...

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