Oregon's Long Tom Rebellion

Annie69 By Annie69, 8th Oct 2015 | Follow this author | RSS Feed
Posted in Wikinut>Writing>History

Although prominent citizens from Oregon died fighting for the Union, only one recorded battle of the Civil War occurred inside the boundaries of the state.

Oregon joins the war

Oregon became a state on February 14, 1859. Two years later, the nation would be divided and on the brink of war.

The US Army had troops in Oregon when the first shots of the Civil War were fired and they were immediately sent back east to fight. Replaced by volunteer cavalry and infantry from California, the volunteers were to keep the peace and protect Americans from Indians.

Prominent citizens die

Oregon's US Senator Edward Dickinson Baker enlisted when war broke out and formed the 1st California Regiment. Back east, it was renamed the 71st Pennsylvania Infantry. James W. Lingenfelter, an attorney in Jacksonville, Oregon, was visiting back east when the war started and enlisted to serve with Col. Edward Dickinson Baker.

Captain of Company B, Lingenfelter was killed on September 21, 1861, by a sharpshooter while walking picket. He was the first casualty from Oregon. Col. Baker was killed in action exactly one month later on October 21, 1861, at the Battle of Ball's Bluff near Leesburg, Virginia.

The "Long Tom Rebellion"

The only recorded battle inside the borders of Oregon occurred in May, 1865, after the war was officially over.

At the beginning of the war a letter to Abraham Lincoln had been published in Eugene's "Democratic Register" on August 30, 1862. It seemed the people considered themselves slaves of the President!

The "Long Tom Rebellion" occurred in Lane County. When news of President Lincoln's assassination reached Oregon, a local preacher/politician, Philip Henry Mulkey, was arrested on May 6, 1865, for shouting "Hurrah for Jeff Davis" in the streets of Eugene. Later, a pro-Union mob attempted to break into the jail to lynch Mulkey. Confederate sympathizers in nearby Long Tom, Oregon, took up arms and rode to their friend's defense.

Finally, Mulkey was taken 130 miles away to Fort Vancouver until things settled down. Mulkey would spend three months in jail.


Long Tom Rebellion, Oregon In The Civil War

Meet the author

author avatar Annie69
History column appears weekly in local newspaper. Also news, human interest, and pictures. My fiction and poems have appeared in literary anthologies and I've written 3 novels

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author avatar Fern Mc Costigan
8th Oct 2015 (#)

Wow thats a fist for me I knew there was some involvement of Oregonians in the Civil war but not like that!

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author avatar Annie69
8th Oct 2015 (#)

Ask and ye shall receive. Not all my research can be done so quickly. I'm glad you enjoyed it and as always, thanks for the kind words and feedback.

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