Preferable political Parties’ system

Asiya25 By Asiya25, 13th Nov 2017 | Follow this author | RSS Feed | Short URL http://nut.bz/3j4us6s7/
Posted in Wikinut>Writing>Politics

The recent election in USA has revived back the debate on whether multi party is more effective than two party systems. United States, which is one of the first countries in the globe to be democratic, has from its independence followed the two party system of democracy. On the other hand new democratic countries such as India have followed the later.

Preferable political Parties’ system

The recent election in USA has revived back the debate on whether multi party is more effective than two party systems. United States, which is one of the first countries in the globe to be democratic, has from its independence followed the two party system of democracy. On the other hand new democratic countries such as India have followed the later. Even though both the systems have pros and cons, it is evident that most scholarly books normally place emphasis on multi party political system. This is because it allows citizens in a country to have many representatives, who represent their wishes holistically. This is in contrast to two party systems which address only a fixed number of views on a particular topic. In addition, multi party political system also easily solves specific member’s problems given that they can easily interact with them from the grass root level which is in contrast to two party systems which has a huge following.
From independence election in United States has always been between the republican and democrats who nominate members to contest for presidential and senate seats (Ware, 1995). Due to parties’ huge following and need to cover as much content as possible, they have been given the opportunity to come up with their own policies and views on different issues that affect their members. These include heath acre, foreign affairs outsourcing, employment war on terror and security. However, each party has been given a limited number of views to discuss on each topic (Sartori, 2005).. Despite all these critics have given various reason that tries to justify that multi party is more effective than two parties.
For instance Multi party political system can be considered to be more effective than two party systems because restricting people’s choice to two parties normally limits the number of ideas and issues affecting its members and also reduces the scope of voter’s choice. Since each political party is allowed to only place fixed number of views on one topic, voters who are not satisfied and wishes to choose two different issues addressed in the two different parties are forced to supports one issue and forgo the other. In addition since people in United States come from diverse background and have different preferences, they feel as if the two parties are not addressing all issues affecting them. Critics argue that it denies them the opportunity of being represented fully (Sartori, 2005).
Moreover, Multi political party political normally allows each and every citizen to vote for a political party that they think perfectly fits their belief and ideology. Most governments that have been considered to be stable are said to be having multi party political system with the ruling party supported by the majority that is over 50% of the voters. In two party systems the majorities are normally not considered that much As long as one presidential candidate has garnered more votes, he or she is declared officially as the office holder elect. This is in contrary to the principles of democracy.
Another reason that might make one to choose multi party over two party systems is due to the fact that in two political party systems the minority needs are either neglected or under-represented. Since they are normally given a specific number of views to put in one topic they normally summaries them leaving out some important aspects. On the other hand in multi-party the citizens are given an opportunity of choosing from a wide range of political parties that represent a wide range of views and issues.

Traditionally multi party has been considered to be more democratic than two political party systems for the reason that two party political systems has been said to be polarizing. In multi-party once a party is elected into power by the majority they are forced to keenly consider the views of the other political parties because they will form policies together. However, in two party once one political party gets into power they try to reverse the views of the previous government in retaliation. This is irrespective of whether these views were important to the well running of the state. As result this decision results to problems in the long run.
Most political analyst has argued that the number of political parties normally does not affect the quality of member’s representation. In fact when there are numerous political parties the quality of representation normally improves. This is because citizens are given a wide range of choice to make depending on the issues they want to be addressed. For example the disabled group might decide to vote for a political party that has good plans for their future and believe that where they belong. Even if their political party does not win, the members of parliament elected in the party will continue to push the government towards addressing this issue. However, there also some disadvantages that have been associated to multi-party system; these include confusion during elections, the government overspending revenue to sustain it, and some leaders dividing people into different political lines in order to rule. This has resulted to enmity between citizens sometimes even sparking civil wars.

Tags

Political, Political Corruption, Political Leaders, Political Philosophy, Political Science, Political System, Political Values, Politicians, Politics

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author avatar Asiya25
Am a young and motivated girl, i believe that writing is what it takes for one to portray what they really fill inside just like music. I usually write fiction stories, law, economics and technology.

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