Present Perfect Tense In English

sasikrishna By sasikrishna, 12th Feb 2011 | Follow this author | RSS Feed
Posted in Wikinut>Writing>Tips

This article explains about present perfect tense in English grammar.

Usage of Present Perfect Tense in English

Present perfect tense is in the right place mostly to the past tense unit, but to some extent to the present tense unit additionally. Where are the situations in which we can use this tense type?

1. We can use present perfect tense to point toward a finished goings-on in the instantaneous long-ago activity, i.e. for instance a little minutes or short while back.

2. Present perfect tense is used to state past action that is commenced and finished in the past period, but the time of that action is no recognized.The deed most likely completed some years back or so.

3. Present perfect tense is used in the situations to speak concerning an action that commenced for a moment in the past and is going on till the time of speaking into the present stage.

4. Present perfect tense is used to express a finished action in the past time at what time we concern further regarding the consequence any deed at the time of speaking than on the subject of the deed itself.

The auxiliary verb used with present perfect tenses are HAVE and HAS.

Pleural subjects I, WE, YOU, THEY.

Singular subjects HE, SHE, IT.

Verb form is past participle of a verb.

Now we will go through some examples.

We already know that each verb has three forms i.e. present form, past form, and past participle form. For example, we see the all the forms of a verb 'go'.

Go-present form

Went-past form

Gone- past participle form

Now we will see some examples:

1. What have you said prior to his arrival?

2. Where have you gone before I came to see you?

3. When has he probably visited you?

4. I have said nothing before his arrival.

5. I have gone nowhere before you come to see me.

6. He probably has visited morning.

We will see examples in all situations:

When a deed or action in the instant times of yore:

Where is he?

He has left the company.

He has left the office a minute ago.

A past action of unknown time:

Have you read Godfather novel many years ago?

Yes, I have read Godfather novel a few years ago.

For an action commenced in the past, but continues without stopping till the period of speaking:

We have rented this house three and half years before.

As a consequence of an action completed than the action itself:

He has killed his brother.

My mom has cooked a delicious cake.

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