Speech Writing: O Level, 2015

Mr. Mamun By Mr. Mamun, 28th May 2015 | Follow this author | RSS Feed | Short URL http://nut.bz/29_cs0ys/
Posted in Wikinut>Writing>Speech

Speech is very important in our life. It differentiates ourselves from the animals. In our everyday life we need to talk with different kinds of people. Good speaking quality shows the smartness of a man. For increasing this smartness, we should know the features of speech and the ways of delivering speech. Speech writing is also one of the important topic for Ordinary Level's students. Lets talk about the features of speech first and the way of speech writing afterwards.

Three Features for Speaking

We need to give speech in various events of our life. For giving this speech, with the speech writing, we should follow three important features of speaking. The three important things are:
1. body language (gesture and posture)
2. diction (choice of words)
3. the way of delivering speech.
These three things are very much significance to grab the attention of the audience in speaking.

Speech Writing for O Level

Speech writing is one of the important topic of directed writing for O Level. It is a place of showing creativity. Everyone use to give speech but those speech would be remarkable which is different than other ordinary speeches. So, don't just write any plain, boring old speech that anyone can write at any time. For writing an effective speech, there are some steps which should be followed before the writing.

1. Keep it short.

Write your speech directly on the topic and it will be much more powerful. Capture the key emotions and ideas you want to convey in as little time as possible. If you can deliver a two-minute speech, instead of a 30-minute droner, your audience will actually listen, and will love you for your brevity. In the same way your speech should be to the point and avoid the round about ideas which can help you to write an effective speech.

2. Abandon the formalities.

People usually starts his speech by acknowledging all the dignitaries, and thanking a million people. Many other speakers make this same mistake, and ruin their speeches. By the time you’re done acknowledging and thanking everyone, you’ve lost your audience. Go right into the meat of the issue, and your audience will pay attention.

3. Have purpose.

Don’t just get up to speak and make yourself sound good or your organization look good. Speak to communicate a message, and to get your audience to act. If you can settled your purpose in your mind before writing your speech, it can help you to make a memorable speech and your audience will be attracted to follow and act on it which will help to fulfill your main purpose.

4. Grabbing the audience’s attention

A speech is not a logical argument, or a listing of accomplishments or facts or events. Try to understand your audience and speak to their emotions by showing them some certain ideals which can motivate them to be attentive on your speech topic. The other important things that you have to care is your audience. First, determine who your audience is and customize your writing accordingly. For example, High school students hearing about a great literary figure or a historical event will have a somewhat different vocabulary and level of knowledge than would a graduate class in literary analysis. Avoid terms or jargon the first group is unlikely to understand, and don’t dumb it down for those who are in the know.

5. Purpose and message.

Two things must be settled in your own mind before you are ready to write your speech. First, what is the purpose of your talk? That is, why have you been asked to speak in the first place? If you are an expert in women’s literature, for example, you should emphasize your particular background and knowledge, mentioning that.

6. Speak to larger truths.

While it isn’t best to be too grandiose/impressive, especially if you are speaking to small audience, it’s best if you connect your ideas and words to larger causes and ideals. How much successful you will be to do it, it will help you to have an universal and effective speech.

7. Speak to the larger audience.

When you will give or write a speech, ideally, it should not be just to those before you. This used to happens — speeches by Steve Jobs, for example, are not just for the audience at the conference, but to the entire world. Think about how your speech will affect a greater audience, and what message you want to convey to them. With the Internet, your speech can be communicated to many others.

8. Use Figures of Speech/Use imagery.

There are a lot of literary terms. In your speech, try to use those figures of speech which can create a long term effect on the mind of your audience. It is important to do more than use bland words, but to create a picture in people’s minds through your words. The imagery, of course, should be related to your central theme including simile, metaphor, personification, assonance, hyperbole, onomatopoeia etc.

9. Recall more famous lines.

Lincoln opened his speech with a line from a more famous (at that time) document, the Declaration of Independence (“that all men are created equal”). The reference brings with it many ideas and emotions associated with the Declaration of Independence and the men who signed it. Other famous lines that could be referenced include the Bible, Shakespeare, poetry, songs, books, other speeches. The references bring a lot more with them than just the phrase or quote you use, if your audience is familiar with it.

10. Brainstorming.

It may take you some time to figure out just what the purpose and main message of your speech will be, especially if you have a lot of diverse knowledge about your subject. Make a list of all the things you might possibly be interested in speaking about. Once the list is in written form, it will be easy to see which points are not likely to fit into your time frame. Probably the biggest problem both writers and audiences face is not too little information, but too much.

11. Categorize.

Your brainstorming session should yield several areas that will be subcategories of your main message. You can then move those pieces about like a puzzle, seeing which ones best fit together for your audience. Or think of the categories as stepping-stones. Leaving a gap too large between any two stones will sink not only you but your audience as well. Writing a speech is not all that different from writing a paper. You must have a topic (thesis), provide support, and give a conclusion.

12. Body.

Sticking firmly to the topics you’ve introduced will be easier if you create each section like a mini-paper. Have an introduction, main body, and conclusion here as well. No one likes to simply be read at, so you will help yourself to stay on-topic by having this outline in your memory, on a blackboard, or on a slide. Keep in mind too that all sections need not be equal in length. Spend time deciding and writing the ones that need the most emphasis and do not make a shorter topic longer than it needs to be.

13. Conclusion

This often seems to be the most problematic part for the speechwriter. Have you said enough? Too much? If you say “finally” or “in conclusion,” be prepared to end the speech pretty quickly. Audiences know that it’s over; to keep going can irritate them and may even lose any good will you’ve accumulated. So take care in your speech writing to draw an apt and memorable conclusion. And stick to it! So, end should be strong. End your speech with a line people will remember, that contains the message you want them to remember, because, aside from the opening, it’s the most important line.

14. Revise, revise, revise.

Write several versions of your speech if possible before settling on the final version. Each revision should cut out the unnecessary, develop the central idea, make the words flow more smoothly, and powerful develop imagery and phrases.
Once you have your speech written, practice it several times until you feel comfortable with the entire process. If possible, gather a few trusted friends to listen to you and offer constructive criticism that can make your speech more effective.

Final Structure

There are three main sections or parts in a speech. A speech includes three basic pieces: an introduction, a body and a conclusion. Be sure your speech contains all of these elements.

Introduction

There are two things that most good introductions include: (1)an attention-getter and (2) a preview of what's to come in the speech.
1. Give an attention-getter. The most important thing you must do in your introduction is to grab your audience's attention. You can do this in a number of ways: ask a question, say something surprising, offer startling statistics, use a quote or proverb related to your speech topic or tell a short story. Take the time to figure out how you'll grab your audience's attention--it's easier to get them hooked in the beginning than to try and get them interested as your speech progresses.
2. Offer a preview. Think of a preview as kind of the "coming attractions" of your speech. Plan to tell your audience the main points you'll talk about in your speech. There's not need to go into any detail here; you'll get to that when you come to the body of your speech. You can write a preview that's simply one sentence in length to cover what you need to say here.

Body

The body is where the "meat" of your speech resides. The points you outlined or the information your scripted make up the body. There are several ways to organize the information within the body of your speech--in time sequence, in step order, from most important point to least important point, problem-solution, to name just a few. Choose an organizational pattern that makes sense based on your speech goal.

Conclusion

There are two things to accomplish in your conclusion. this is not the place to introduce any new information; instead, the idea is to wrap things up in a way that's memorable and definite.
1. Give a summary. One of the way an audience remembers what a speech was about is through intentional repetition. In your introduction, you gave a preview of what you'd be talking about. In your speech body, you talked about those things. Now, in your conclusion, you remind your audience what you talked about. Simply offer a brief review of the main points you touched on in your speech.
2. End with a clincher. A clincher is a memorable, definitive statement that gives your speech a sense of closure. One easy way to do this is to write a clincher that refers back to what you said in the attention-getter of your speech. This helps bring your presentation full circle and provides a sense of closure.

Sample Speech Asking for Donations

You know those friends who are perpetually there for you? Whether you need a ride home at 2 in the morning or you’re sick and they come bring you soup, you just know you can always count on them to have your back. Well, that’s sort of like the friendship a dog brings to your life.
It doesn’t matter if you’ve been gone from the house for four minutes or four hours, dogs are always ecstatic to see you again. You could throw a stick across the lawn all afternoon, and they’ll act like their brilliant master has created the best, most exciting game on the planet. They can sense when you’re ill and lie protectively near you. They can sense when you’re sad and lick your hand affectionately. They’re extraordinarily affectionate and intuitive creatures; however, not all of them are lucky enough to have an owner whom they can love and adore.
Twice a week, we welcome a new addition to our family at Cute ‘N’ Cuddly Canines, which means we house just over a hundred dogs in this shelter every year. We love all of the animals who come to us for as long as they were meant to be on this earth, so, as you can imagine, it’s getting a bit crowded, and resources are slight.
This is why we are currently seeking donations for our little shelter, which has been here in town for the last 75 years. We do not turn dogs away, nor do we euthanize them; therefore, we need to expand to accommodate this growing family of man’s best friends.
We survive thanks to the help of our dedicated volunteers, but the water and electricity are not free—nor are the leashes, shampoo, flea dip, collars, toys, bedding, cleaning supplies, cages, food, towels, toothbrushes, slings, nail trimmers, medication, harnesses, and everything else that keeps this shelter running.

Graduation Speech (sample)

Friends, graduates, and anyone who can remember the sweet taste of a welcome future with the spice of opportunity. Let's celebrate with our friends here who represent the future. Let's indulge in the bounty of choices, possibilities, and adventures that are ripe and ready for their taking!
Life is a wonderful journey. A course that you set and determine by the choices you make each day. Eleanor Roosevelt once said, "The future belongs to those who believe in the beauty of their dreams." So as you step out to meet the world with your mind prepared and your skills tuned, I urge you to set your direction with a positive attitude and strong spirit.
Celebrate the days of success and always prepare for the challenges that meet each of us as we venture through life. For although we may consciously make the most positive of decisions day-to-day, you and I KNOW that there will always be hard days. It is during the times of success that people will know our name, and it is during times of trouble that people will know our character.
You have now received your education. You are equipped to take on the world. Your life is now YOUR destiny. Academia will not impose deadlines for theses with minimum word counts. No, now your life is yours to create. We have simply built a strong foundation for the future you must independently design and build.
"Watch your thoughts; they become words. Watch your words; they become actions. Watch your actions; they become habits. Watch your habits; they become character. Watch your character; it becomes your destiny." - Frank Out

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Comments

author avatar Carol Roach
26th Jun 2015 (#)

these are all great tips but what is O level, we don't have that system here in Canada

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author avatar Mr. Mamun
26th Jun 2015 (#)

oh.....O Level is Ordinary Level according to IGCSE system under Oxford University for school level's class ten moderated by British council@ Carol Roach

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author avatar Ahmed Durrani
18th Jan 2016 (#)

I am doing GCSE O'Levels in Pakistan. I want to thank you for making this website. It is helping me alot in my Papers.

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author avatar Marielle Camut
5th Oct 2016 (#)

The ending quote for the sample of the Graduation Speech is from Frank Outlaw, am I wrong? The quote is not from Frank Out, right?

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author avatar Marielle Camut
5th Oct 2016 (#)

And also, thank you for the help you have provided to probably millions of people globally even though you do not get thanked for your hard work. Thank you for contributing and helping anxious students trying to revise for GCE 'O' Levels.

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