The 5 Most Unique Supreme Court Justices

Annie69 By Annie69, 28th Aug 2015 | Follow this author | RSS Feed | Short URL http://nut.bz/fb2l6bux/
Posted in Wikinut>Writing>Biography & Autobiography

The US Supreme Court was created in 1789. So far, 112 men and women have served as Justices and each is unique in his/her own way, but here's my pick for the top five.

Introduction

The United States Supreme Court was created by Article III of the United States Constitution in 1789. At that time, only six judges were appointed—five associate justices and one Chief Justice. The number of sitting justices has changed over the years, reaching a maximum of ten in 1863. The final change was made in 1869 which set the number of justices at nine. Only 112 men and women have served as justices on the nation's Highest Court. Here are my picks for the five most unique of those Justices—listed in order of their appointment—and the reason behind that distinction.

1. John Rutledge

John Rutledge is the only justice to be rejected after taking the bench.
Rutledge was born a British subject on September 17, 1739, in South Carolina. Like Wilson, Rutledge was a delegate to the First and Second Continental Congresses and was on the Committee of Detail at the Constitutional Convention of 1787.
Nominated by President George Washington in 1789, John Rutledge was another of the original six justices to sit on the US Supreme Court. Rutledge resigned in 1791 to become Chief Justice of the South Carolina Court of Common Pleas and Sessions. When Chief Justice John Jay resigned in 1795, Washington appointed Rutledge to replace him. A recess appointment, it was five months before Congress convened. By that time, Rutledge had made a lot of enemies and his appointment was rejected. To date, he is the only justice to ever be rejected after taking the bench.
Mentally ruined, Rutledge resigned from the Supreme Court and withdrew from public life. He died on July 23, 1800.

2. Samuel Chase

Samuel Chase is the only Justice to be impeached.
Chase was born in Maryland on April 17, 1741. He was elected to the Maryland General Assembly in 1764 and served for 20 years. As Maryland's representative, Chase attended the First and Second Continental Congress and was one of 56 men who signed the Declaration of Independence.
In 1788, Chase was appointed Chief Justice of the District Criminal Court in Baltimore. Three years later, he was also appointed Chief Justice of the Maryland General Court. Both appointments lasted until January 1796 when President Washington appointed Chase to the US Supreme Court.
In 1803, newly elected President Thomas Jefferson, concerned about what he considered judiciary power grabbing, got Congress to repeal the Judiciary Act of 1801. When Associate Justice Chase voiced his disapproval to a Baltimore grand jury, President Jefferson strongly suggested Chase should be removed from the bench. Virginia Congressman John Randolph got the House of Representatives to charge Chase with eight articles of impeachment in 1804.
The Senate's impeachment trial began in early 1805 with Vice President Aaron Burr presiding. On March 1, 1805, Justice Samuel Chase was acquitted on all counts.
Chase continued to serve on the Supreme Court until his death on June 19, 1811.
September 10, 1845.

3. John Archibald Campbell

John Archibald Campbell is the only Supreme Court Justice to resign to join the Confederacy.
John A. Campbell was born in Georgia on June 24, 1811. A child prodigy, Campbell graduated from the University of Georgia at the age of 14. He immediately went to West Point for three years, but withdrew and returned to Georgia when his father died.
It took a special act of the state legislature for Campbell to be admitted to the Georgia bar in 1829, as he was only 18 years old at the time. Later he moved to Alabama and practiced there as well. Campbell was practicing before the Supreme Court by 1852.
Campbell's nomination to the Supreme Court in 1853 was recommended to President Pierce by several sitting justices after the Senate refused three by President Fillmore in 1852. Campbell was appointed to the Supreme Court on March 21, 1853.
When states seceded from the Union, Campbell attempted to mediate between Confederate commissioners and President Lincoln, but the attempt failed. After Fort Sumter and Lincoln's call for troops, Campbell resigned on April 30, 1861. Confederate President Jefferson Davis appointed Campbell Assistant Secretary of War for the Confederacy.
In 1865, Campbell was among the delegates who tried unsuccessfully to negotiate a peaceful end to the war. After the war, Campbell was arrested and imprisoned at Fort Pulaski, Georgia. He was released after six months and returned to private practice in New Orleans and continued to argue cases before the Supreme Court.
John Campbell died on March 12, 1889.

4. William Howard Taft

William Howard Taft is the only person to serve as both President and Supreme Court Justice.
Taft was born in Ohio on September 15, 1857. Starting at the local level, Taft was appointed to the Superior Court of Cincinnati in 1887. His next appointments were: Solicitor General of the US in 1890, a judge on the US Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit in 1891, Governor-General of the Philippines in 1900, and Secretary of War in 1904.
Taft became President in 1908 and only served one term.
On June 30, 1921, President Warren G. Harding nominated Taft Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. Taft was confirmed by the Senate and took his oath of office on July 11, 1921.
Taft resigned from the Supreme Court on February 3, 1930, due to failing health. He died less than five weeks later on March 8, 1930.

5. Hugo Lafayette Black

Hugo Lafayette Black is the only associate justice to serve as acting Chief Justice twice without ever attaining that position.
Black was born in Alabama on February 27, 1886. He decided to follow his brother into medicine, but his brother soon suggested he go into law instead. Black specialized in labor law and personal injury. Black was asked to serve as police court judge in 1911, his only judicial experience before the Supreme Court, but resigned the next year and returned to private practice. He served as Jefferson County's Prosecuting Attorney from 1914-1918. Following WWI, Alabama elected Black to the US Senate.
President Franklin Roosevelt nominated Black as a justice to the US Supreme Court on August 12, 1937. Although he never held the title of Chief Justice, Black was acting Chief Justice twice while on the bench.
Chief Justice Harlan F. Stone died on April 22, 1946. Black, as senior justice, became acting Chief Justice until Fred Vinson was sworn in as the new Chief Justice on June 21, 1946. Seven years later Vinson died on September 8, 1953. Again Black became acting Chief Justice until Earl Warren was sworn in on October 5, 1953.
Black retired from the bench on September 17, 1971. He died from a stroke eight days later on September 25.

Bonus: Edwin McMasters Stanton

Edwin McMasters Stanton is unique not because he sat on the Supreme Court, but rather because he didn't. He is the only confirmed justice to die before being sworn in and taking the bench.
Edwin Stanton was born in Ohio on December 19, 1814. He was the US Attorney General under President James Buchanan from December 20, 1860, until March 4, 1861. President Lincoln appointed Stanton US Secretary of War in 1862, a position he held until May 8, 1868.
President Ulysses S. Grant nominated Stanton to the US Supreme Court in December 1869. The Senate confirmed the appointment, but Stanton died four days later before he could be sworn in.
Stanton would have been the 40th justice. Because he was never sworn in, he was technically never on the Supreme Court. Officially, William Strong became the 40th justice in March 1870.

REFERENCES:

The Supreme Court of the United States: its beginnings & its justices, 1790-1991
United States Supreme Court Biography
Commission on the Bicentinnial of the United States Constitution

http://www.fjc.gov/history/home.nsf/page/courts_supreme.html
http://teachingamericanhistory.org/static/convention/delegates/rutledge.html
http://www.let.rug.nl/usa/biographies/john-rutledge/
http://supreme-court.laws.com/samuel-chase
http://www.senate.gov/artandhistory/history/minute/Senate_Tries_Justice.htm
http://www.let.rug.nl/usa/biographies/salmon-portland-chase/
http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/articles/government-politics/john-archibald-campbell-1811-1889
http://www.biography.com/people/william-howard-taft-9501184
http://www.let.rug.nl/usa/biographies/william-howard-taft/
http://www.arlingtoncemetery.net/hlblack.htm
http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=B000499
http://www.biography.com/people/edwin-stanton-21023019#the-johnson-years
http://www.let.rug.nl/usa/biographies/edwin-mcmasters-stanton/

Tags

18Th Amendment, 21St Amendment

Meet the author

author avatar Annie69
History column appears weekly in local newspaper. Also news, human interest, and pictures. My fiction and poems have appeared in literary anthologies and I've written 3 novels

Share this page

moderator Steve Kinsman moderated this page.
If you have any complaints about this content, please let us know

Comments

author avatar M G Singh
28th Aug 2015 (#)

Well researched article

Reply to this comment

author avatar Annie69
28th Aug 2015 (#)

Thank you. I did work hard on it. AND I never waste research. Originally this would have been 10. I stepped back, regrouped, and now I'll have other Justices to write about. Thanks for reading and commenting. I appreciate it.

Reply to this comment

author avatar Steve Kinsman
28th Aug 2015 (#)

I cannot argue with your choices, but I would like to offer one of my own - Thurgood Marshall - the first African-American Supreme Court justice.

Reply to this comment

author avatar Annie69
29th Aug 2015 (#)

Hi, Steve, Marshall was on my original list as was the first woman, but it didn't feel right to list them because of race or sex. One of my next pieces on the Justices, and there will be more, will include them on a list that highlights their accomplishments. and while I have your attn: I found a typo on here. How do I fix it?

Reply to this comment

author avatar 男宝
26th Sep 2017 (#)

速硬100持久丸はペニスが急速に増大することを促進することができて、増加するのは太くて、増大して、効果的に性愛を解決することができるのが短く て、インポテンツがもっと前に下痢をすることを防止して、性愛の時間を延長して、かたくて硬くないに対して皆良好な治療効果がある。


速硬100持久丸:www.kanpoucom.com/product/674.html
速勃100(ハヤボツ100):www.kanpoucom.com/product/723.html
回春堂海狗王(カイクオウ):www.kanpoucom.com/product/728.html
マカMACA:www.kanpoucom.com/product/727.html
威哥王:www.kanpoucom.com/product/96.html
米国金根:www.kanpoucom.com/product/726.html
虫草鹿鞭:www.kanpoucom.com/product/162.html
魔鬼天使性欲粉(Muira Puama):www.kanpoucom.com/product/309.html
魔根:www.魔根.net/
巨人倍増:www.kanpoucom.com/product/138.html
威哥王:www.kanpoucom.com/product/96.html
威哥王:www.kanpoucom.com/product/96.html
威哥王:www.kanpoucom.com/product/96.html
威哥王:www.kanpoucom.com/product/96.html
威哥王:www.kanpoucom.com/product/96.html
威哥王:www.kanpoucom.com/product/96.html
三体牛鞭(三體牛鞭):www.kanpoucom.com/product/331.html
狼1号:www.xn--1-948av66g.net/
黒倍王:www.xn--4vq287fuv3a.com/
男根増長素:www.kanpoucom.com/product/467.html
壮根精華素:www.kanpoucom.com/product/396.html
植物壮根素:www.kanpoucom.com/product/478.html
房事の神油:www.kanpoucom.com/product/451.html
巨根カプセル:www.kanpoucom.com/product/377.html
男露888:www.kanpoucom.com/product/243.html
A9生精片:www.kanpoucom.com/product/722.html
M6生精片:www.kanpoucom.com/product/721.html
999神油 女性用:www.kanpoucom.com/product/720.html
中華牛鞭:www.kanpoucom.com/product/167.html
中華牛宝:www.kanpoucom.com/product/634.html
狼一号:www.xn--1-948av66g.net/
中絶薬:www.kanpoucom.com/hininn/42.html
威哥王三鞭粒:www.kanpoucom.com/product/449.html
リドスプレー:www.kanpoucom.com/product/374.html
中絶薬RU486:www.kanpoucom.com/product/113.html
999皮炎平:www.kanpoucom.com/product/217.html
狼一号:www.xn--1-948av66g.net/
狼一号:www.xn--1-948av66g.net/
同仁堂牛黄清心丸:www.kanpoucom.com/product/83.html
同仁烏鶏白鳳丸:www.kanpoucom.com/product/187.html
狼一号:www.xn--1-948av66g.net/

女性催情剤:www.kanpoucom.com/jyosei/
女性用媚薬:www.kanpoucom.com/jyosei/
催情薬:www.kanpoucom.com/jyosei/
催淫薬:www.kanpoucom.com/jyosei/
催淫剤:www.kanpoucom.com/jyosei/
女性用精力剤:www.kanpoucom.com/jyosei/
催淫剤:www.kanpoucom.com/jyosei/
媚薬催淫剤:www.媚薬催淫剤.com/
漢方薬激安:www.漢方薬激安.com/
D10媚薬:www.kanpoucom.com/product/282.html
シアリス Cialis:www.kanpoucom.com/product/651.html
福潤宝カプセル:www.kanpoucom.com/product/719.html
魔鬼天使Muira.PuamaII:www.kanpoucom.com/product/301.html
D10催情剤:www.kanpoucom.com/product/282.html
紅蜘蛛:www.kanpoucom.com/product/311.html
狼一号:www.xn--1-948av66g.net/
勃動力三體牛鞭:www.kanpoucom.com/product/331.html
威哥王:www.kanpoucom.com/product/96.html
媚薬催淫剤:www.kanpoucom.com/jyosei/
催情剤:www.kanpoucom.com/jyosei/
威哥王:www.kanpoucom.com/product/96.html
狼一号:www.xn--1-948av66g.net/
狼一号:www.xn--1-948av66g.net/
狼一号:www.xn--1-948av66g.net/
美国遅時100(解决早漏):www.kanpoucom.com/product/232.html
バイアグラ:www.kanpoucom.com/product/527.html
頂点3000:www.kanpoucom.com/product/486.html
狼一号:www.xn--1-948av66g.net/
魔鬼天使muira puamaII:www.kanpoucom.com/product/301.html
スーパーファット:www.kanpoucom.com/product/52.html
紅蜘蛛(液体)+壮陽丹:www.kanpoucom.com/product/311.html

Reply to this comment

author avatar ARDOUR(持久熱情粉)媚薬
26th Sep 2017 (#)

速硬100持久丸はペニスが急速に増大することを促進することができて、増加するのは太くて、増大して、効果的に性愛を解決することができるのが短く て、インポテンツがもっと前に下痢をすることを防止して、性愛の時間を延長して、かたくて硬くないに対して皆良好な治療効果がある。


速硬100持久丸:www.kanpoucom.com/product/674.html
速勃100(ハヤボツ100):www.kanpoucom.com/product/723.html
回春堂海狗王(カイクオウ):www.kanpoucom.com/product/728.html
マカMACA:www.kanpoucom.com/product/727.html
威哥王:www.kanpoucom.com/product/96.html
米国金根:www.kanpoucom.com/product/726.html
虫草鹿鞭:www.kanpoucom.com/product/162.html
魔鬼天使性欲粉(Muira Puama):www.kanpoucom.com/product/309.html
魔根:www.魔根.net/
巨人倍増:www.kanpoucom.com/product/138.html
威哥王:www.kanpoucom.com/product/96.html
威哥王:www.kanpoucom.com/product/96.html
威哥王:www.kanpoucom.com/product/96.html
威哥王:www.kanpoucom.com/product/96.html
威哥王:www.kanpoucom.com/product/96.html
威哥王:www.kanpoucom.com/product/96.html
三体牛鞭(三體牛鞭):www.kanpoucom.com/product/331.html
狼1号:www.xn--1-948av66g.net/
黒倍王:www.xn--4vq287fuv3a.com/
男根増長素:www.kanpoucom.com/product/467.html
壮根精華素:www.kanpoucom.com/product/396.html
植物壮根素:www.kanpoucom.com/product/478.html
房事の神油:www.kanpoucom.com/product/451.html
巨根カプセル:www.kanpoucom.com/product/377.html
男露888:www.kanpoucom.com/product/243.html
A9生精片:www.kanpoucom.com/product/722.html
M6生精片:www.kanpoucom.com/product/721.html
999神油 女性用:www.kanpoucom.com/product/720.html
中華牛鞭:www.kanpoucom.com/product/167.html
中華牛宝:www.kanpoucom.com/product/634.html
狼一号:www.xn--1-948av66g.net/
中絶薬:www.kanpoucom.com/hininn/42.html
威哥王三鞭粒:www.kanpoucom.com/product/449.html
リドスプレー:www.kanpoucom.com/product/374.html
中絶薬RU486:www.kanpoucom.com/product/113.html
999皮炎平:www.kanpoucom.com/product/217.html
狼一号:www.xn--1-948av66g.net/
狼一号:www.xn--1-948av66g.net/
同仁堂牛黄清心丸:www.kanpoucom.com/product/83.html
同仁烏鶏白鳳丸:www.kanpoucom.com/product/187.html
狼一号:www.xn--1-948av66g.net/

女性催情剤:www.kanpoucom.com/jyosei/
女性用媚薬:www.kanpoucom.com/jyosei/
催情薬:www.kanpoucom.com/jyosei/
催淫薬:www.kanpoucom.com/jyosei/
催淫剤:www.kanpoucom.com/jyosei/
女性用精力剤:www.kanpoucom.com/jyosei/
催淫剤:www.kanpoucom.com/jyosei/
媚薬催淫剤:www.媚薬催淫剤.com/
漢方薬激安:www.漢方薬激安.com/
D10媚薬:www.kanpoucom.com/product/282.html
シアリス Cialis:www.kanpoucom.com/product/651.html
福潤宝カプセル:www.kanpoucom.com/product/719.html
魔鬼天使Muira.PuamaII:www.kanpoucom.com/product/301.html
D10催情剤:www.kanpoucom.com/product/282.html
紅蜘蛛:www.kanpoucom.com/product/311.html
狼一号:www.xn--1-948av66g.net/
勃動力三體牛鞭:www.kanpoucom.com/product/331.html
威哥王:www.kanpoucom.com/product/96.html
媚薬催淫剤:www.kanpoucom.com/jyosei/
催情剤:www.kanpoucom.com/jyosei/
威哥王:www.kanpoucom.com/product/96.html
狼一号:www.xn--1-948av66g.net/
狼一号:www.xn--1-948av66g.net/
狼一号:www.xn--1-948av66g.net/
美国遅時100(解决早漏):www.kanpoucom.com/product/232.html
バイアグラ:www.kanpoucom.com/product/527.html
頂点3000:www.kanpoucom.com/product/486.html
狼一号:www.xn--1-948av66g.net/
魔鬼天使muira puamaII:www.kanpoucom.com/product/301.html
スーパーファット:www.kanpoucom.com/product/52.html
紅蜘蛛(液体)+壮陽丹:www.kanpoucom.com/product/311.html

Reply to this comment

Add a comment
Username
Can't login?
Password