The "NANO" Metrics!

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Nano-science refers to the study of objects that are very small in size of Nano-meters. While Nano-technology is the engineering technology that implements the findings of Nano-science.

The Nano Explain

Prefix the word "Nano" comes from the Greek, which means "dwarf". One nanometer is equal to one trillionth of a billionth of a meter. The term nanotechnology and nano-science is a term that is interrelated, but sometimes confusing what exactly distinguishes to the two of.
The simple explain of the term of “Nano” refers to the metric prefix 10 -9 (ten rank minus nine). It means one billionth of something. “Nano” can be ascribed to any unit of measure. For example, you may report a very small mass in Nano-grams or the amount of liquid in one cell in terms of Nano-liters.
Here below the points to the both of Nano’s are:

  • The Nano-science refers specifically to the study of objects that are very small and are in the range of the ten to hundreds of Nano-meters.

  • While Nano-technology is the application or the application of technology to create materials or Nanometer-sized objects are applied to existing technologies in hopes of getting better results than using the technology or material that is larger.

In this simple paper aims to answer some of questions below:
1). What's Nano-science and Nano-Technology?
2). What is the difference between Nano-science and Nano-Technology?
3). Any implementation of Nano-science and Nano-Technology?

What is Nano-Science?

The word Nano-science refers to the study, manipulation and engineering of matter, particles and structures on the nano-meter scale (one millionth of a millimeter, the scale of atoms and molecules). The important properties of materials, such as; the electrical, optical, thermal and mechanical properties, are determined by the way the molecules and atoms assemble on the Nano-scale into larger structures. Moreover, in Nano-meter size structures these properties are often different then on Macro-scale, because quantum mechanical effects become important.
So, what is Nano-science? Nano-science is the study of structures and materials on the scale of Nano-meters. To give you an idea of how long a Nano-meter is, this printed page is about 75,000 Nano-meters thick. When structures are made small enough—in the Nano-meter size range—they can take on interesting and useful properties.
Nano-scale structures have existed in nature long before scientists began studying them in laboratories. A single strand of DNA, the building block of all living things, is about of the three nanometers wide. The scales on a morpho butterfly’s wings contain Nano-structures that change the way light waves interact with each other, giving the wings brilliant metallic blue and green hues. Peacock feathers and soap bubbles also get their iridescent coloration from light interacting with structures just of the tens of nanometers thick.

Understanding Nano-Science

Scientists have even created Nano-structures in the laboratory that mimic some of nature’s amazing Nano-structures. Because of the Nano-structures are so small, specialized methods are needed to manufacture objects in this size range. Scientists use beams of electrons or ions to etch features as small as 25 Nano-meters into metal, silicon and carbon-based materials.
In addition to being formed on these solid material surfaces, Nano-structures can also be formed in liquids. Nano-structures can be created by reacting chemicals in liquids and gases to generate Nano-fibers, Nano-crystals and the quantum dots, some as small as one Nano-meter wide. Scientists are even learning how to build the three-dimensional structures at the Nano-scale. It's called Nano-electrolyte-mechanical Systems , or NEMS, these devices might one day be used like microscopic robots to carry out tasks too small for humans to do themselves. For example, the NEMS could carry out surgery on a single cell or act as mechanical actuators to move around individual molecules. In order to observe and study Nano-structures, specialized equipment must be used. If you wanted to magnify something ten times, you could use a magnifying glass that fits in your pocket. If you wanted to magnify something 200 times, you would need a microscope that may weigh several pounds and take up part of a desk. And then to magnify Nano-scale structures, high-powered microscopes that fill an entire room are needed!
Nano-science has already impacted our lives with innovations such as stain-resistant fabrics inspired by Nano-scale features found on lotus plants and computer hard drives, which store information on magnetic strips that are just 20 Nano-meters thick. Scientists and engineers from several disciplines including Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Materials Science use Nano-science principles for advanced applications in energy, medicine, information storage, computing and elsewhere. Although breakthroughs in any research field are difficult to predict, the future of Nano-science will likely involve scaling up from atomic assembly and individual Nano devices to macroscopic systems and structures with evolving properties and multiple functions.
Following is an Introduction to Nano-science video by Kavli Foundation:

What is Nano-Technology?

Nano-technology is the application of Nano-science leading to the use of new Nano-materials and Nano-size components in useful products. Nano-technology will eventually provide us with the ability to design custom-made materials and products with new enhanced properties, new Nano-electronics components, new types of “smart” medicines and sensors, and even interfaces between electronics and biological systems.
The first time the concept of Nano-technology was introduced by Richard Feynman in a scientific speech hosted by the American Physical Society at Caltech (California Institute of Technology), on December 29, 1959 with the title was "There's Plenty of Room at the Bottom".
Richard Feynman was a physicist and in 1965 won the Nobel Prize in physics.

"I don't know how to do this on a small scale in a practical way, but I do know that computing machines are very large; they fill rooms. Why can't we make them very small, make them of little wires, little elements – and by little, I mean little. For instance, the wires should be 10 or 100 atoms in diameter, and the circuits should be a few thousand angstroms across. Everybody who has analyzed the logical theory of computers has come to the conclusion that the possibilities of computers are very interesting – if they could be made to be more complicated by several orders of magnitude. If they had millions of times as many elements, they could make judgments. They would have time to calculate what is the best way to make the calculation that they are about to make. They could select the method of analysis which, from their experience, is better than the one that we would give to them. And in many other ways, they would have new qualitative features." by: Richard Feynman

Understanding Nano-Technology

And then, the term of Nano-technology was first inaugurated by: Prof. Norio Taniguchi from the Tokyo Science University in 1974 in a paper entitled: "On the Basic Concept of Nano Technology', Proc. Intl. Conf. Prod. Eng. Tokyo, Part II, the Japan Society of Precision Engineering, 1974".
In the 1980's the definition of Nano-Technology explored further by Dr. Eric Drexler in his book entitled: "Engines of Creation: The Coming Era of Nanotechnology".
Nano-scale is a scale used to things learned or used in materials related to Nano-technology and Nano-science. To study the objects that are very small in size, then we can not use the naked eye. Therefore, it takes an additional technology. It may be hard to imagine how small a nanometer-sized object. Imagine course, in general, the thickness of a sheet of paper that is 0.009906 cm, the size is about 100,000 nanometers. Then as small as 1 nanometer what is it?
Nano-technology is a technology that enables the creation and use of materials or devices at a very small size.
This material is in the region of 1 to 100 nanometers (nm).
One nanometer = one-per-billion meter
1 nm = 0.000000001 m
Which means 50,000 times smaller than a human hair!
Here following a video about Nano-Technology:

When the object is converted into Nano, the color and the properties of the object shape Also will change. In this case, nano-science role in the process of changing the properties of Reviews these objects. Please note that Nano-technology and Nano-science is an interdisciplinary field that combines Physics, Chemistry, and Biology. It is believed that, by exploring Nano-science, the findings can be applied in nanotechnology to create materials that are stronger, more durable, and lighter. Thus, these new materials will produce less waste and fewer energy consumption. For example, coating the metal material can be used for finishing and make the metal more resistant to corrosion.

Knowledge & Education Purpose

Actually, humans have been aware that they were using Nano-technology and Nano-science since hundreds of years ago. For example, the manufacture of steel swords can be said sample applied nanotechnology. Steel is mixtures of several metals are modified at the atomic level through smelting.
Universities, companies, and Governments are studying this field believe that the application or the application of Nano-scale systems can change various aspects of life. It is believed that human life will be more simple and sophisticated. So, many overseas universities those offer undergraduate degrees in the field of Nano-science.
Advances in nanotechnology and nano-science could produce a more effective method. For example, minimizing the side effects of the drug, a new method for purifying the air, or a new method in repairing damaged tissue.
Nano-science is also very useful for storage and food preservation. For example, nano-sized layers are made with clay that is placed in a plastic can create airtight conditions so that food will last longer. Another example, nano-sized silver particles are mixed in the manufacture of plastic will inhibit the growth of bacteria in the storage container.
So, how does it work, nano? Nano-science and Nano-technology, that it will learn the basics of Physics, Biology, and Chemistry on the nanometer scale, supplemented by courses on technology and engineering to promote an understanding of practical applications. Moreover in this study that it will also be able to specialize in a certain area of Nano-science and Nano-technology. The combination of a solid multidisciplinary scientific basis and an individual high level specialization in a certain area of Nano-science and Nanotechnology is the philosophy of the study or research program.

Thank you very much for your visiting here to read this page. Have a good day to you all. :)

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Biology, Caltech, Education, Electrical, Greek, Mechanical, Nano, Nano-Electrolyte-Mechanical Systems, Nano-Fibres, Nano-Scale Structures, Nano-Science, Nano-Technology, Nanometer, Optical, Researchs, Thermal, Tokyo

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author avatar viewgreen
A CS engineer who loves to write about TI (Innovations), Socials, Cultures & Heritage (Local Wisdom), Humors and others that I am eager and interested to. Thank you! :D

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Comments

author avatar Carol Roach
21st Jan 2015 (#)

a very informative article, I am not very strong in physcics, or chemistry or meta physics.

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author avatar viewgreen
22nd Jan 2015 (#)

Dear sir. Thank you very much for the approval to publish this page. cc; (Steve Kinsman)
============================================
Well, madam! it's okay if we don't know them a lot. At least we should have a piece of information or its knowledge about. Thank you for stopping here with a great comment. cc: (Carol Roach)

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author avatar GenkiWorld
21st Jan 2015 (#)

exelent article, i have always been fassinated by nano technology, this was truly informtional and interesting.

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author avatar viewgreen
22nd Jan 2015 (#)

Thank you very much Madam! for your support and appreciation for this paper. Have a great day!

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author avatar M G Singh
21st Jan 2015 (#)

Great post with tons of information

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author avatar viewgreen
22nd Jan 2015 (#)

Thank you very much sir! for coming to see this page. :)

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author avatar Fern Mc Costigan
21st Jan 2015 (#)

Well deserved start viewgreen, you done it again another great post!

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author avatar viewgreen
22nd Jan 2015 (#)

Thank you very much for your supporting and appreciation that you always give to my pages. Have great days my dear friend Fern!. :)

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author avatar Ptrikha
22nd Jan 2015 (#)


Wow! Outstanding article!

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author avatar viewgreen
22nd Jan 2015 (#)

Thank you my friend Ptrkha! for an appreciation to this page. :)

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author avatar cnwriter..carolina
23rd Jan 2015 (#)

Great! am a real dummy when it comes to technology ...just able to write poetry...xx

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author avatar zoel
23rd Jan 2015 (#)

Hi, viewgreen, you write it so systematically even it is just a piece. This is very educative information. Good job. thnks

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author avatar viewgreen
23rd Jan 2015 (#)

You are welcome and thank you for your stopping here with a great comment. Have a nice day!

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author avatar Utah Jay
23rd Jan 2015 (#)

This is the first time I have read you and I must say I am impressed. It seems such a large world to be so small...Great article.

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author avatar Jenny Heart
24th Jan 2015 (#)

Very interesting information!

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author avatar Shamarie
24th Jan 2015 (#)

Great article, Viewgreen, and congrats on another star page! Now, you have me fascinated with Nano-technology!

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author avatar Colekdikit
13th Feb 2015 (#)

very educative posting. thanks

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