What are Utopias and Dystopias?

Uma Shankari By Uma Shankari, 30th Jan 2015 | Follow this author | RSS Feed | Short URL http://nut.bz/1nw-zzjq/
Posted in Wikinut>Writing>Culture

The utopia and the dystopia are genres of literature that explore social and political structures.

What Does Utopia Mean?

Sir Thomas More coined the word utopia in 1516 when he wrote Utopia, an ideal Nowhere Land with a perfect political state, a true paradise that we can only dream about. Dystopia is the direct opposite of utopia. The dystopian societies are products of science fiction and fantasy, which live at a time when technology has created a perfect or utopian living conditions, but conflicts occur amongst people when things go awry.

One might say one of the first Utopia is the biblical Garden of Eden and Plato's Republic, where philosopher-kings ruled a perfect state. The later utopian descriptions occur in English author Samuel Butler’s Erewhon (1872) ("nowhere" spelled backward) and Erewhon Revisited (1901). A more modern example of utopia would be the Oneida Community founded by John Humphrey Noyes in 1848 in Oneida, New York, which aimed to bring about Jesus's kingdom that was perfect and free of sin.

Concerned that things can go from bad to worse in the present society without anyone realizing what has happened, people like Aldous Huxley, author of Brave New World, Ray Bradbury, author of Fahrenheit 451, and George Orwell, author of Animal Farm and Nineteen Eighty-Four (1949) described dystopian societies.

Tags

Aldous Huxley, Dystopia, Science Fiction, Society, Utopia, Writing

Meet the author

author avatar Uma Shankari
I write on society, relationships, travel, health, nutrition and fitness.
http://www.triond.com/users/uma+shankari
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Comments

author avatar GenkiWorld
30th Jan 2015 (#)

wonderful explenation of utopias and distopias.

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