What is Adlerian? A Continuation of Adlerian: What is It? Part Two

Mark Graham By Mark Graham, 26th Jul 2015 | Follow this author | RSS Feed | Short URL http://nut.bz/2kdxzf4p/
Posted in Wikinut>Writing>Textbook

This section will give a more detailed definition of Adlerian theory.

What is Adlerian? Part Two

In the Adlerian therapy mode the therapist will try to re-orient and re-educate to bring a balance with what may happen with the clients or patients bodies, minds and spirits. In working with various populations the therapist will have to encourage and actively listen to what is going on with them and give them ideas to motivate themselves to get better. In motivating clients or patients the therapist or counselor even a nurse will use several means to get through to the clients and patients.

Some of these ways are as follows the therapist, counselor and/or nurse, who may have hyper-verbal patients or patients that remain quiet and for some reason these patients who are hyper-verbal may slow down and the quiet patient will start to share what is bothering them. These people will show insight into the problems and then can even state ways to help. The patients may help themselves to cope with what is happening or has happened in the patients' lives with or without medications that the patient may need to feel better.

The patients may only need to learn that they may need the medication when the new interventions are tried or when the patient begins to feel they are getting out of control with the behaviors of a particular problem and/or issue. Elderly clients like to talk about how they may have handled the problem in the past and how what they are doing now does not work quite as well as back then, so they come to sessions to learn new and better ways to solve the problems affecting them. Older adults and even the frail elderly like to participate in discussions that they can share their problems and learn from their mistakes that have been made in the past. In Adlerian therapy one must be creative and understanding with all age groups that the therapist will be working.

In working within Adlerian therapy one must work and learn proper boundaries when working with children, teenagers, adult and the elderly. These boundaries are personal, professional, and therapeutic. Personal boundaries are how you behave at home with family and friends. Professional boundaries are the ones you will use in public and on the job with clients out in the world. Therapeutic boundaries are the ones you use in the counseling sessions where your share RESPECT and COOPERATION in words and actions while dealing with your clients and/or patients. The counselor in this type of therapy must acknowledge everyone's fears. When you are telling the various clients and patients what to expect from the sessions the therapist, counselor or even nurse must be prepared for anything. One must be aware of the many family issues as well as the client's issues and how therapy may effect what happens in the activities that you have planned for them.

Adlerian Therapy Sessions

Children- These sessions mainly occur on a one-to-one presentation when counselor and child work together on the problem behavior(s). In these sessions you can use art, play or whatever the child seems interested in at the moment. You must become trustworthy for the child to open up and confide in you. You must also work with the parents and share information when appropriate and give them ideas on how to work with their child without divulging what is shared in the therapy sessions.

Adolescents- This is a period of physical growth with constantly changing ideas as well. Trust is still a big idea to gain with this period of development. The teenager will open up to you with more open communication about whatever issue(s) that the teenager may have currently or from the past. These issues may involve body image, emotional issues about sex, drugs and alcohol. The teenager may even feel more comfortable when more serious problems may arise like suicide or other violent events that may occur in their lives at home, school or wherever they may be. These clients need to feel that you will be trustworthy even though you are not a family member and still be understanding and maybe share some memories of what helped you and share ideas that may help them to use with the parents, friends, teachers as probable helpers in the future. You can use what interests them in the session discussions or activities, for example "The Trust Game".

Adults and Elderly- In these age groups you must still build trust. You will mainly build and rebuild and improve social and thinking skills to improve the current and even the future behaviors that occur over the years. You can talk about parenting issues with the young adults and grand-parenting skills for the older adults and how this affects them in society. The issues that may come up and cause problems for these age groups could be from issues dealing with discipline, academic, and even just general care of the younger generation. In all the stages of living that you may encounter in your career of counseling you will follow these steps in the Helping professions:

1. Engagement- You will orient yourself to the problem and establish communication with the client.

2. Assessment- You will investigate and determine what will affect the problem of the client for probable prospects for help.

3. Planning- This is where you will process the problems into needs and start formalizing goals and objectives.

4. Implementation- You will do activities and discussions where you will follow the goals and objectives that you and the client have decided upon. The therapist, counselor or even nurse will monitor and assess for progress that is made.

5. Evaluation- You will make sure that your planning and implementation were effective for the client or patient.

6. Termination- This is when treatment ends for whatever reason that may occur between professional and client whether good or bad. It could be financial, irreconcilable differences, or that you did your job and the client feels better and wants to proceed on their own with what you have taught them in how to handle the problems they have.

7. Follow-up- This is where you as the professional and the client would want to ask questions on how the client is doing on their own and if they still want more help.

End of Part Two

Tags

Cooperation, Counseling, Learning

Meet the author

author avatar Mark Graham
I am a graduate student of Children's Literature and have also studied Counseling at the graduate level as well as College teaching and Reading and Literacy. I will be writing on these and my ownideas

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