under the Canopy of Gulmohar

RajeshPadmanabhan By RajeshPadmanabhan, 23rd May 2013 | Follow this author | RSS Feed | Short URL http://nut.bz/16iacm_g/
Posted in Wikinut>Writing>Essays

The following Summary is about the tree Gulmohar which is grown in large numbers in South India and its benefits to the people

Gulmohar the tree of natural Beauty

Gulmohar makes us feel relaxed and greets us well as soon as it is seen early in the morning while on a morning walk or jog. The red coloured flowers are seen all over the city. The Gulmohar plants are seen more in numbers at Yadavagiri, Gokulam, Kuvempunagar where the roads are wide and ideal for walking. Gulmohar spreads like an umbrella providing shade for the people and also for the parked vehicles.

Though it is said to have originated from the dry deciduous forests in Madagascar, it is not found in any parts of Madagascar now. Though there are no records as to who brought these plants to the Indian sub-continent, it is believed that Arabs or Portuguese brought this during their frequent visits to the country for trade purposes. In India, Gulmohar plant is present from the past 150 years. The plant has adapted to Indian conditions.

Gulmohar is grown just as an ornamental tree and it is known for its flamboyant display of flowers. The scientific name of Gulmohar is ‘Delonix regia’ and it belongs to Fabaceae family (Fabaceae or Leguminosae, commonly known as the legume, pea, or bean family, are a large and economically important family of flowering plants) and Caesalpinioideae sub-family (Caesalpinioideae is a botanical name at the rank of subfamily, placed in the large family Fabaceae or Leguminosae. Its name is formed from the generic name Caesalpinia. The Caesalpinioideae are mainly trees distributed in the moist tropics) and in English it is given the name Royal Poinciana or Flamboyant.

Each Gulmohar flower has 5 petals out of which 4 are in bright red colour and the fifth petal is the standard petal which has white and yellow strips and is larger than the other four petals. The tree is usually 30-40ft tall and spreads like an umbrella.

Speaking to Star of Mysore, K.B. Sadanand, Retd. Editor, Kannada Encyclopedia, Kuvempu Institute of Kannada Studies, said that Gulmohar trees had no significant value except for ornamental purpose.

“The tree has shallow roots which grow only on surface and is prone to fall during heavy rainfall and when strong wind blows,” he added.

Flowering season of Gulmohar trees differs from region to region. In India, Gulmohar blooms between April-June. In Egypt it is between May-June, Vietnam between May-July, Caribbean between May and September, Australia between December-February, UAE between May-July, Brazil between November and February, Thailand between April-May, Zimbabwe between October-December and Hong Kong between May-June.

Gulmohar trees are generally infected with a fungus called ‘Ganoderma.’ The diseased tree lives for 5-6 years. Gulmohar trees prefer bright sun and are not found in areas where there is heavy rainfall. Colour of Gulmohar flowers differs from bright red to scarlet. These trees are generally good for shade and especially during summer they act as shade for many street vendors on the roadside.

Tags

Flower Gardening, Flowering Plant, Trees

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author avatar RajeshPadmanabhan
My name is Rajesh Padmanabhan and i am in this job of writing news Articles and other reviews about Products .And i Have got experience in this Job of 2 Years

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